Some people joke about Obsessive Compulsive Disorder but to the person who lives with OCD, it’s really not a laughing matter at all. OCD can cause a significant level of distress and impair your ability to engage in life in a meaningful way.

What is OCD?

OCD involves the experience of obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions tend to involve repeated and persistent thoughts, images or urges that the individual perceives to be intrusive and unwanted. The obsession then leaves the individual compelled to engage in a compulsive response which may involve repeated behaviours or mental acts stemming from rigid rules. The obsessions or compulsions tend to cause high distress and/or take long periods of time to complete.

The level of insight regarding the truth behind OCD beliefs also varies from person to person. It is common for individuals with OCD to feel overly responsible, be perfectionistic and struggle to tolerate uncertainty.

Types of OCD


*not all of our therapists provide these treatments or works with OCD

While there is great variation in the themes of obsessions or types of compulsive responses, frequently observed themes involve:

  • Symmetry
  • Cleanliness
  • Order
  • Taboo thoughts
  • Harm

This may culminate in avoidance of environments associated with one’s OCD difficulties.

While there appears to be a strong genetic factor associated with OCD, childhood abuse or trauma may also be a risk factor. Individuals with OCD often experience other mental health difficulties such as depression and anxiety.


*not all of our therapists provide these treatments or works with OCD

What causes Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?

The causes of OCD are not fully understood. However, there are several theories. Compulsions are learned behaviours, which become repetitive and habitual when they are associated with relief from anxiety. Genetic and hereditary factors, as well as chemical, structural and functional abnormalities in the brain, can also cause OCD. Several of these factors may interact to trigger the development of the disorder. The underlying causes may be further influenced by stressful life events, hormonal changes and personality traits.

What are the side effects of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?


*not all of our therapists provide these treatments or works with OCD

OCD can severely impact a person’s life, and the compulsions and obsessions may take hours of a person’s day and interfere with family and social relationships. They can also harm one’s education and employment. As OCD becomes more severe, ‘avoidance’ may become an increasing problem. The person may avoid anything that might trigger their obsessive fears. OCD can make it difficult for people to perform everyday activities like eating, drinking, shopping or reading. Some people may become housebound.

People with OCD are often acutely embarrassed about their symptoms and will put great effort into hiding them. Before the disorder is identified and treated, families may become deeply involved in the sufferer’s rituals, which can cause distress and disruption to family members.

What are the treatment options of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?


*not all of our therapists provide these treatments or works with OCD

One treatment approach that has received intense research attention is cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) specifically focused on exposure and response prevention strategies. This involves the individual gradually exposing themselves to feared stimuli and then working to not engage in a compulsive act, leading to a diminishment in anxiety and fear over time. There is also some research suggesting acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) may also be effective in helping to manage OCD. ACT is a mindfulness based approach that supports individuals to confront feared emotions, thoughts, images and memories and working to create a life of meaning and purpose through feeling more comfortable with one’s inner experience and developing flexible thinking.

It’s important to note that, as with all mental health conditions, we cannot make any guarantees with respect to the outcomes of engaging our psychological treatment. Furthermore, if we believe someone has an underlying psychiatric condition that requires specialised assessment, we will at that stage make a referral to a psychiatrist.

Our skills, tools, and resources may help you work through your obsessions and compulsions. Working together with our counsellors may provide access to several other treatment methods, such as NLP, hypnotherapy, dream interpretation, mindfulness therapy, and more.

How long will Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) treatment take?

There is no way to estimate how long treatment for OCD will take. Treatment methods and time-frames vary based on the individual. Some people listen to hypnosis downloads between sessions, such as the Manage OCD hypnosis download.

Do you have any questions for us? Get in touch with us through our online contact form.

Call Bayside Psychotherapy on (03) 9557 9113 to find out if we’re able to help you. Your call is completely confidential, and there’s absolutely no obligation.

If you experience OCD symptoms, you may consider speaking with a professional therapist or doctor to discuss possible OCD treatment.

You can also book an appointment for OCD treatment by using our online booking form for online appointments. Or, if you prefer, you can book an in-clinic session.

Self-hypnosis may also work well when used in conjunction with counselling. You can download our Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Self Hypnosis recording from our website.

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Therapists who do online

  • Adam Szmerling
  • Carolina Selvarajoo
  • Humaira Ansari
  • Kelli Tranter
  • Lawrence Akers
  • Natalie Szmerling

Therapists who do in-clinic

  • Adam Szmerling
  • Natalie Szmerling